Court of Appeal of Quebec

Statistics and publications


Statistics

Hearing Time Limit – Standard Track

Appeals can proceed by either standard or fast track depending on the nature of the file or the judge’s decision. Standard track is when a file proceeds with factums within the time limits prescribed in section 373 of the Code of Civil Procedure, that being 3 months for the appellant and 2 months for the respondent.

The hearing time limits for files proceeding in standard track consists of the elapsed time between the moment when all the factums have been produced (issuance of a setting down for hearing by the Clerk) and the date anticipated for the appeal hearing.

The data concerning hearing time limits are presented for the period between September 1 and August 31 of the following year (a judicial year).

Hearing Time Limit - Standard Track (in Number of Months)

  

      2013-2014

       2014-2015

        2015-2016

Civil Files

            12,0

            10,5

             9,5

Criminal Files

              6,7

               7

               6,3

A file in appeal can also proceed by fast track. This is usually reserved for files that require to be heard promptly. This is particularly the case for files relating to:

  • family matters
  • interlocutory judgement
  • youth matters
  • extraordinary recourse
  • sentencing

In such cases, time limits to produce factums are shortened and a hearing date is determined at the time the file is managed by the Clerk or a judge. 

In the following table, the hearing time limits correspond to the time elapsed between the moment the file is managed and the date of the appeal hearing.

 Hearing Time Limits - Fast Track (in Number of Months)

  

      2013-2014

         2014-2015

        2015-2016

Civil Files

            5,5

                4,0

              4,1

Criminal and Penal Files

            4

                3

              2,7


Appeals as of Right in Civil and Criminal Matters

The table below indicates the number of files opened from January to December of the given year, following an inscription in appeal (in civil matter) or a notice of appeal (in criminal matters). 

 

                   2013

                2014

              2015

Civil Files

                  844

                1046

              920

Criminal Files

                  185

                197

                231 

Total

                1029 

              1243

              1151


Appeals by Leave of the Court in Civil and Criminal Matters

The tables below indicate the number of opened files following a motion for leave to appeal as well as the number of motions granted, dismissed or deferred, depending on the nature of the file.

Motions for Leave to Appeal in Civil Matters

 

               2013

                    2014

                2015

Granted

             141 (36 %)

             170 (36 %)

            160 (35%)

Rejected

            252 (64 %)

             296 (64 %)

            302 (65%)

Total

               393

                  466

               462

Motions for Leave to Appeal in Penal and Criminal Matters (Except for Files Regarding Sentencing) 

 

               2013

                   2014

               2015

Granted

      49 (66%)   

    59 (77%) 

      45 (64%)

Rejected

   25 (34%) 

    18 (23%) 

          25 (36%)     

Total

74

  77

70

Motions for Leave to Appeal from a Sentence

 

        2013

                  2014

              2015

Granted

         30 (33 %)

                 17 (27 %)

            48 (52%)

Rejected

         16 (18 %)

                 12 (19 %)

            11 (12%)

Deferred

         45 (49 %)   

                 33 (53 %) 

            33 (36%)

Total

            91

                     62 

              92


Appeals Heard on Its Merits

Even though many files in appeal are opened each year, not all files reach an appeal hearing. In fact, it is possible the appeal procedure is brought to an end by an out-of-court settlement, a settlement following a settlement conference or by the dismissal of the appeal.  The table below indicates the number of appeals heard on the merits.

  

           2013

            2014

         2015

Civil Files

 

                 501

             512

            431

Criminal Files

Verdict

                 173 

             122

            110

Sentence

                  75 

               75

              61

 Total

 

                749

              709

            602

 


Motions to Dismiss an Appeal in Civil Matters (s. 365 C.C.P.)

The appeal can also end by a judgment granting a motion to dismiss the appeal. The following table shows the number of motions to dismiss an appeal that were granted and dismissed in civil matters.

 

      2013

     2014

      2015

Motions that were granted

        133

       140

       117

Motions that were dismissed

        137

       213

        203

Total of motions heard

         270

        353 

        320

 


Decisions Rendered at the Hearing and After Deliberation

Following a hearing, a judgment is either rendered at the hearing or is reserved. The tables below show the statistics relating to these two types of practices. This data does not include judgments rendered on motions.

Percentage Rate of Decisions Rendered in Civil Matters at the Hearing and After Deliberation

 

          2013

               2014

            2015

Decisions Rendered at the Hearing

           56 %

              66 %

             67 %

After Deliberation

           44 %

              34 % 

             33 %

Percentage Rate of Decisions Rendered in Criminal and Penal Matters at the Hearing and After Deliberation

  

                2013

          2014

            2015

Decisions Rendered at the Hearing

              50 %

          58,5 %

              63 %

After Deliberation

              50 % 

          41,5 %

             37 %


Settlement conference and Facilitation Program in Criminal Matters

The Court of Appeal offers a judicial mediation program (in civil matters) and facilitation program (in criminal matters) which allow the parties to come to a settlement with the assistance of a mediator or a facilitator from the Court of Appeal. Each year, a certain number of files in appeal are settled this way. The following tables indicate the number of files that have used this alternate dispute resolution process.

Settlement conference

 

    2013

     2014

      2015

Total Number of Files Each Year

        43

       35

       44

Number of Files that are Settled after a Judicial Mediation Session 

         24

        21

       35

Facilitation in Criminal Matters

 

    2013

     2014

     2015

Total Number of Files Per Year 

     26

       24

       30

Number of Files Settled by a Decision of the Court Following a Criminal Facilitation Session 

      19

       18

       26


Publications and speeches

SPEECHES OF CHIEF JUSTICE

PUBLICATIONS AND SPECHEES WRITTEN BY THE COURT JUDGES

SEE ALSO

  • Mailhot, Louise et Pariseau-Legault, Lysanne, L'appel, 2e éd., Cowansville, Éditions Yvon Blais, 2008.