Court of Appeal of Quebec

Statistics and publications


Statistics

Hearing Time Limit – Standard Track

Appeals can proceed by either standard or fast track depending on the nature of the file or the judge’s decision. Standard track is when a file proceeds with factums within the time limits prescribed in section 373 of the Code of Civil Procedure, that being 3 months for the appellant and 2 months for the respondent.

The hearing time limits for files proceeding in standard track consists of the elapsed time between the moment when all the factums have been produced (issuance of a setting down for hearing by the Clerk) and the date anticipated for the appeal hearing.

The data concerning hearing time limits are presented for the period between September 1 and August 31 of the following year (a judicial year).

Hearing Time Limit - Standard Track (in Number of Months)

  

                    2014

                   2015

                 2016

Civil Files

             12

            10,5

              12

Criminal Files

              6

               7

               5

A file in appeal can also proceed by fast track. This is usually reserved for files that require to be heard promptly. This is particularly the case for files relating to:

  • family matters
  • interlocutory judgement
  • youth matters
  • extraordinary recourse
  • sentencing

In such cases, time limits to produce factums are shortened and a hearing date is determined at the time the file is managed by the Clerk or a judge. 

In the following table, the hearing time limits correspond to the time elapsed between the moment the file is managed and the date of the appeal hearing.

 Hearing Time Limits - Fast Track (in Number of Months)

  

               2014

                       2015

                      2016

Civil Files

            5,5

                 4

                4

Criminal and Penal Files

             4

                3,2

                3


Appeals as of Right in Civil and Criminal Matters

The table below indicates the number of files opened from January to December of the given year, following an inscription in appeal (in civil matter) or a notice of appeal (in criminal matters). 

 

                     2014

                      2015

                     2016

Civil Files

               1057

              1462              

               580

Criminal Files

                189

               209

               203

Total

              1246

             1671

              783


Appeals by Leave of the Court in Civil and Criminal Matters

The tables below indicate the number of opened files following a motion for leave to appeal as well as the number of motions granted, dismissed or deferred, depending on the nature of the file.

Motions for Leave to Appeal in Civil Matters

 

              2014

                         2015

                 2016

Granted

          170 (36 %)

             160 (35%)

            120 (32 %)

Rejected

          296 (64 %)

             302 (65%)

            249 (67 %)

Total

             466

                 462 

              369

Motions for Leave to Appeal in Penal and Criminal Matters (Except for Files Regarding Sentencing) 

 

                 2014

                           2015

                   2016

Granted

   59 (52 %) 

75 (64 %) 

 59 (54 %)

Rejected

18 (16 %)

25 (21 %) 

      25 (23 %)      

Deferred

36 (32 %) 17 (15 %)  25 (23 %) 

Total

113

117

109

Motions for Leave to Appeal from a Sentence

 

              2014

                            2015

                        2016

Granted

        17 (21 %)

               38 (35 %)

            36 (30 %)

Rejected

       12 (15 %)

               19 (18 %)

            25 (21 %)

Deferred

       53 (53 %) 

               50 (47 %) 

            58 (49 %)

Total

          82

                 107

              119


Appeals Heard on Its Merits

Even though many files in appeal are opened each year, not all files reach an appeal hearing. In fact, it is possible the appeal procedure is brought to an end by an out-of-court settlement, a settlement following a settlement conference or by the dismissal of the appeal.  The table below indicates the number of appeals heard on the merits.

  

                      2014      

                    2015

              2016

Civil Files

 

             564

           417

            453

Criminal Files

Verdict

             127

           102

            149

Sentence

               70

            88

             94 

 Total

 

             761 

           661 

           696

 


Motions to Dismiss an Appeal in Civil Matters (s. 365 C.C.P.)

The appeal can also end by a judgment granting a motion to dismiss the appeal. The following table shows the number of motions to dismiss an appeal that were granted and dismissed in civil matters.

 

     2014

         2015

          2016

Motions that were granted

       140

      135

        109

Motions that were dismissed

       213

      185

        178

Total of motions heard

       353 

      320 

        287

 


Decisions Rendered at the Hearing and After Deliberation

Following a hearing, a judgment is either rendered at the hearing or is reserved. The tables below show the statistics relating to these two types of practices. This data does not include judgments rendered on motions.

Percentage Rate of Decisions Rendered in Civil Matters at the Hearing and After Deliberation

 

          2014

                          2015

          2016

Decisions Rendered at the Hearing

              66 %

              67 %

           57,5 %

After Deliberation

               34 % 

              33 %

           42,5 %

Percentage Rate of Decisions Rendered in Criminal and Penal Matters at the Hearing and After Deliberation

  

                   2014

                2015

                2016

Decisions Rendered at the Hearing

              58,5 %

          63 %

             53,5 %

After Deliberation

              41,5 %

         37 %

             46,5 %


Settlement conference and Facilitation Program in Criminal Matters

The Court of Appeal offers a judicial mediation program (in civil matters) and facilitation program (in criminal matters) which allow the parties to come to a settlement with the assistance of a mediator or a facilitator from the Court of Appeal. Each year, a certain number of files in appeal are settled this way. The following tables indicate the number of files that have used this alternate dispute resolution process.

Settlement conference

 

          2014

         2015

        2016

Total Number of Files Each Year

       35

       44

       40

Number of Files that are Settled after a Judicial Mediation Session 

       21

       35

       26

Facilitation in Criminal Matters

 

      2014

         2015

      2016

Total Number of Files Per Year 

      21

       23

       25

Number of Files Settled by a Decision of the Court Following a Criminal Facilitation Session 

      18

       21

       23


Publications and speeches

SPEECHES OF CHIEF JUSTICE

PUBLICATIONS AND SPECHEES WRITTEN BY THE COURT JUDGES

SEE ALSO

  • Mailhot, Louise et Pariseau-Legault, Lysanne, L'appel, 2e éd., Cowansville, Éditions Yvon Blais, 2008.