Court of Appeal of Quebec

Statistics and Publications


Statistics

Time Elapsed before a Hearing

Appeals may proceed by either standard or fast track depending on the nature of the file or in accordance with a judgment. A standard track file proceeds by way of briefs, filed in accordance with the time limits set out at s. 373 of the Code of Civil Procedure: the appellant's brief must be filed within three months of filing the declaration of appeal, to be followed by the respondent's brief no more than two months later.

For files proceeding along the standard track, the time elapsed before a hearing is counted between the moment when all factums have been filed and the anticipated date of the appeal hearing.

The following delays represent the average for each judicial year (e.g., September 1, 2014 to August 31, 2015).

Standard Track (in months)

  

2014

2015

2016

Civil Matters

12

10.5

12

Criminal Matters

6

7

5

Appeal files may also proceed by fast track. The fast track is usually reserved for files that must be heard promptly. This is frequently the case for files relating to:

  • family matters
  • interlocutory judgements
  • youth matters
  • extraordinary recourses
  • sentencing

In such cases, the time limits for filing briefs are shortened and hearing dates are set by the clerk or a judge during case management. 

In the following table, the time elapsed before a hearing corresponds to the time between the moment the file enters case management and the date of the appeal hearing.

Fast Track (in months)

  

2014

2015

2016

Civil Matters

5.5

4

4

Criminal and Penal Matters

4

3.2

3


Appeals as of Right in Civil and Criminal Matters

The table below indicates the number of files opened from January to December of the given year, as measured by the number of notices of appeal filed. 

 

2014

2015

2016

Civil Matters

1,057

 1,462              

580

Criminal Matters

189

209

203

Total

1,246

1,671

783


Appeals by Leave in Civil and Criminal Matters

The tables below indicate the total number of files opened by an application for leave to appeal, as well as the number of applications granted, dismissed or deferred.

Applications for Leave to Appeal in Civil Matters

 

2014

2015

2016

Granted

170 (36%)

160 (35%)

120 (32%)

Dismissed

296 (64%)

302 (65%)

249 (67%)

Total

466

462 

369

Applications for Leave to Appeal in Criminal and Penal Matters (excluding sentencing)

 

2014

2015

2016

Granted

  59 (52%) 

75 (64%) 

59 (54%)

Dismissed

18 (16%)

25 (21%) 

25 (23%)      

Deferred

36 (32%) 17 (15%)25 (23%) 

Total

113

117

109

Applications for Leave to Appeal from a Sentence

 

2014

2015

2016

Granted

17 (21%)

38 (35%)

36 (30%)

Dismissed

      12 (15%)

19 (18%)

25 (21%)

Deferred

53 (53%) 

50 (47%) 

58 (49%)

Total

82

107

119


Appeals Heard on the Merits

Although many appeal files are opened each year, not all files are ultimately heard. Proceedings on appeal may be ended by out-of-court settlement, by settlement following a settlement conference or by dismissal of the appeal by the Court. The table below indicates the number of appeals heard on the merits.

  

2014      

2015

2016

Civil Matters

 

564

417

453

Criminal Matters

Verdict

127

102

149

Sentence

70

88

94 

 Total

 

761 

661 

696

 


Motions to Dismiss an Appeal in Civil Matters (s. 365 C.C.P.)

The following table shows the number of applications to dismiss an appeal that were granted or dismissed in civil matters.

 

2014

2015

2016

Granted

140

135

109

Dismissed

213

185

178

Total Applications Heard

353 

320 

287

 


Percentage of Decisions Rendered at a Hearing and after a Period of Advisement

Judgments may be rendered either at the hearing or after being taken under advisement. The following data does not include judgments rendered on applications or motions.

Percentage of Decisions Rendered at the Hearing or after Advisement: Civil Matters

 

2014

2015

2016

Decisions Rendered at the Hearing

              66%

              67%

           57.5%

Decisions Rendered after a Period of Advisement

               34% 

              33%

           42.5%

Percentage of Decisions Rendered at the Hearing or after Advisement: Criminal and Penal Matters

  

2014

2015

2016

Decisions Rendered at the Hearing

              58.5%

          63%

             53.5%

Decisions Rendered after a Period of Advisement

              41.5%

         37%

             46.5%


Settlement and Facilitation Conferences

The Court of Appeal offers judicial mediation (in civil matters) and facilitation (in criminal matters) services which allow the parties to come together to try to reach a settlement with the assistance of a mediator or a facilitator from the Court of Appeal. Each year, a certain number of files in appeal are settled this way. The following tables indicate the number of files resolved using these alternative dispute resolution processes.

Settlement Conferences: Civil Matters

 

2014

2015

2016

Total Number of Files

35

44

40

Files Settled following Judicial Mediation

21

35

26

Facilitation Conferences: Criminal Matters

 

2014

2015

2016

Total Number of Files

21

23

25

Files Settled by a Decision of the Court Following a Facilitation Conference 

18

21

23


Publications and Speeches

SPEECHES OF CHIEF JUSTICE

PUBLICATIONS AND SPECHEES WRITTEN BY THE COURT JUDGES

  • Presentation by Justice Jacques Chamberland - International Family Law Conference 2016 -  Some Challenging Issues in the Application of the Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction - September 2016This link open a pdf file in a new window.(149 KB)
  • Justices Guy Gagnon and Lorne Giroux - « Les attentes de la Cour d'appel en ce qui a trait au jugement oral » - Court of Quebec Training Program - presentation for judges newly appointed to the Court of Quebec, February 2016This link open a pdf file in a new window.(32 KB) (French only)
  • Jacques Chamberland, "La Convention sur les aspects civils de l'enlèvement international d'enfants et les droits de l'enfant" in Un engagement au service du droit international privé, Mélanges en l'honneur de Haus Van Loon/Essays in Honour of Haus Van Loon, Intersentia Publishing Ltd., Cambridge, UK, 2013, pages 113-121.
  • Jacques Chamberland, "Whither the 'best interests of the child' in the 1980 Child Abduction Convention?" in International Family Law, Special Issue in Honour of William Duncan, [2012] JFL 1-134, pages 27-30.
  • Jacques Chamberland, "Le sens des mots dans le Code civil du Québec" in Mélanges Jean-Pineau, Benoit Moore (ed.), Thémis, Montreal, 2003, pages 27-38.
  • Jacques Chamberland, "Du roi Salomon au vicomte de Chateaubriand... sur les traces de Jean-Louis Baudouin" in Benoît Moore (ed.), Mélanges Jean-Louis Baudouin, Cowansville, Yvon Blais, 2012, p. 991.
  • Pierre J. Dalphond, "La conception du juge Gonthier de l'indépendance judiciaire et du rôle des juges" in Michel Morin (ed.), Responsabilité, Fraternité et Développement Durable en Droit, en mémoire de Charles Doherty Gonthier, LexisNexis, 2012, p. 81-100.
  • Pierre J. Dalphond, "Influence générale de Michel Bastarache sur le droit" in Nicholas C.G. Lambert (ed.), À l’avant-garde de la dualité, Mélanges en l’honneur de Michel Bastarache, Yvon Blais, 2011, p. 83-116.
  • Nicholas Kasirer, "What is the Place of Les obligations in Quebec Civil law?" in Benoît Moore (ed.), Mélanges Jean-Louis Baudouin, Cowansville, Yvon Blais, 2012, p. 455.
  • Yves-Marie Morissette, "Aspects historiques et analytiques de l'appel en matière civile" (2014) 59 McGill L.R. 481.
  • Yves-Marie Morissette, "Bref retour sur la tension entre vérité, vérité judiciaire et secret professionnel" in Benoît Moore (ed.), Mélanges Jean-Louis Baudouin, Cowansville, Yvon Blais, 2012, p. 1239.
  • André Rochon with Frédérique LeColletter, Guide des requêtes devant le juge unique de la Cour d'appel : procédure et pratique, Cowansville, Yvon Blais, 2013.
  • Martin Vauclair and Pierre Béliveau, Pierre, Traité général de preuve et de procédures pénales, 21st ed., Cowansville, Yvon Blais, 2014.

SEE ALSO

  • Louise Mailhot and Lysanne Pariseau-Legault, L'appel, 2nd ed., Cowansville, Yvon Blais, 2008.